Traversing longitudinally through the central deep aspects of the frontal lobes is "cingulate gyrus." It's the part of the brain that allows you to shift your attention from thing to thing, to move from idea to idea, to see the options in life. Feelings of safety and security have also been attributed to this part of the brain. In my experience, the term that best relates to this part of the brain is cognitive flexibility.
Cognitive flexibility deals with a person's ability to go with the flow, adapt to change, successfully deal with new situations. The cingulate, allows a person to see different options in situations, to grow as a person. The people, businesses, political institutions that thrive are able to change, as change is needed.
When the cingulate system is abnormal people have a tendency to get stuck on things, locked into things, to get the same thought in their heads over and over and over! They may become worriers and continually obsess on the same thought. The may hold onto hurts or grudges from the past, being unable to let them go. They may also get stuck on negative behaviors, or develop compulsions such as hand washing or excessively checking locks.