Mental Retardation

Mental Retardation
(Developmental Disabilities)


Mental Retardation:

Treatment ( Psychotherapy )
Treatment ( Pharmacotherapy )

Mental Retardation Definition

Mental Retardation is a developmental condition that is characterized by significantly lower then average level of general intellectual functioning. Failure to develop cognitive abilities and achieve an intelligence level that would be appropriate for their age group.

Mild Mental Retardation
About 85% of persons that are Mental Retarded fall into this group.   

IQ level 50-55 up to about 70

Moderate Mental Retardation
About 10% of persons that are Mental Retarded fall into this group. 

IQ level 35-40 to 50-55

Sever Mental Retardation
About 3% to 4% of persons that are Mental Retarded fall into this group. 

IQ level 20-25 to 35-40

Profound Mental Retardation
About 1% to 2% of persons that are Mental Retarded fall into this group. 

IQ level below 20 or 25

Mental Retardation Severity Unspecified: When there is a "STRONG" presumption of Mental Retardation but standard test can not be used to determine level of impairment.

Mental Retardation Diagnostic Criteria - Mental Health made easy.

1. Intellectual functioning significantly below average. IQs of about 70 or lower in person who can take an IQ test. Clinical judgment must be use on those who can not take an IQ test.

2. Impairments or deficits for that age group in functioning in at last two of the following areas:

  1. Communication.
  2. Health.
  3. Leisure time.
  4. Safety.
  5. School.
  6. Self-care.
  7. Social.
  8. Taking care of a home.
  9. Work.

3. The onset of impairment must be before the age of eighteen.

Mental Retardation Treatment ( Psychotherapy )

Adlerian Therapy
Behavior Therapy
Existential Therapy
Gestalt Therapy
Person-centered Therapy
Rational-emotive Therapy
Reality Therapy
Transactional Analysis


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