Disorders and Treatment
- Mental Illness
- Bipolar Disorder
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Manic depression – also commonly referred to as bipolar disorder or manic-depressive illness – is a mental illness that causes extreme shifts in mood and behavior typically referred to as "mood episodes."
Like other forms of depression, manic depression can develop in teenage children, and it’s important to understand the signs and symptoms so that a proper diagnosis and treatment can occur.
Mood episodes seen in manic depression are referred to as "manic" and "depressive."
A manic episode is when a person is in an overly happy, euphoric or elated state for a period of time. A depressive episode occurs when a person is overly sad or depressed for a period of time. Sometimes a mood episode can be mixed where there are episodes of manic and depressive. All of these types of mood episodes severely interrupt a person’s life, making it hard to function normally.
Manic episodes can be different in teens and children as compared to adults. Children are more likely to prone to destructive outbursts than to be elated or euphoric. When suffering from a depressive episode, teens and adolescents may complain of stomachaches, headaches and/or tiredness. They also may isolate themselves socially from other children and perform poorly in school.
Following are some facts about manic depression, or bipolar disorder, in young children or teenagers:
Source: National Institute of Mental Health
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