Know If You Have Manic Depression

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About 5.7 million adults are affected with manic depression every year, according to the National Institute of Mental Health.

Also referred to as bipolar disorder, or manic-depressive illness, manic depression is a mental illness characterized by severe and unusual changes in a person’s mood, which severely interrupt a person’s like, making it difficult for them to function normally.

Mood Episodes

Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a brain disorder that causes "mood episodes" or extreme shifts in mood and behavior. An overly happy or excited state is called a "manic" episode. An overly sad or depressed state is called a "depressive" episode. Sometimes a mood episode can be "mixed" where there are episodes of both manic and depressive.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a manic episode include:

  • Mood changes: Feeling “high” or in an overly happy or outgoing mood for a long period of time. During this time, a person can appear irritable, agitated, jumpy or wired.
  • Behavioral changes: During a manic episode, a person may talk extremely fast, jumping from one thought to another without having a normal connection between the two thoughts. Acting impulsively and taking part in high-risk activities also are signs of a manic episode. A lack of sleep or restlessness also may occur.

Signs and symptoms of a depressive episode include:

  • Mood changes: Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed and having feelings of emptiness or worry for a long period of time.
  • Behavioral changes: During a depressive episode, a person may feel tired, have problems concentrating or remembering, or have changes in eating and sleeping. Some people also may think of death or suicide during these episodes.

Source: National Institute of Mental Health

 
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