Disorders and Treatment
- Mental Illness
- Bipolar Disorder
- Mood Disorders
- Borderline Personality
- Mental Health Diagnosis
- Mental Health Treatments
- Alternative Meds
- Case Studies
Manic depression, also called manic-depressive illness or bipolar disorder, is a serious mental health condition that causes unusual and severe changes in a person’s mood, activity level, energy and the ability to carry out normal daily activities. Approximately 5.7 million adults are affected with manic depression or bipolar disorder every year, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, experience is a brain disorder that causes extreme shifts in mood and behavior typically referred to as ‘mood episodes.’
A ‘manic’ episode is when a person is in an overly happy or excited state for a period of time. A ‘ depressive’ episode occurs when a person is overly sad or depressed for a period of time. Sometimes a ‘mood episode’ can be ‘mixed’ where there are episodes of ‘manic’ and ‘depressive.” All of these types of ‘mood episodes’ severely interrupt a person’s life, making it hard to function normally.
There are several treatment options to treat manic depression including prescription medications and non-pharmacologic treatments such as psychotherapy, or ‘talk therapy.’
Mood stabilizing medications are the first type of medication typically used to treat this mental illness. Also referred to as anticonvulsants, these types of medication include lithium, Depakote (valproic acid), Lamictal (lamotrigine), Neurontin (gabapentin), Topamax (topiramate) and Trileptal (oxcarbazepine).
Another type of medication, which is usually used in combination with mood stabilizing agents, is atypical antipsychotic medications. These types of medications include Abilify (aripiprazole), Geodon (ziprasidone), Risperdal (risperidone), Seroquel (quetiapine), and Zyprexa (olanzapine).
Sometimes antidepressants also may be used to treat the symptoms of depression seen in bipolar disorder. Paxil (paroxetine), Prozac (fluoxetine), Wellbutrin (bupropion) and Zoloft (sertaline) are types of antidepressants.
Non-pharmacologic treatments also are used to treat bipolar disorder. These types of treatments include psychotherapy including cognitive behavioral therapy, family-focused therapy, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy.
Source: National Institute of Mental Health
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