Disorders and Treatment
- Mental Illness
- Bipolar Disorder
- Mood Disorders
- Borderline Personality
- Mental Health Diagnosis
- Mental Health Treatments
- Alternative Meds
- Case Studies
Major depressive disorder, commonly referred to as depression, affects approximately 25 million people each year in the United States, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). For reasons not fully understood, depression occurs about 70 percent more frequently in women then men.
It’s important to understand the signs and symptoms of depression so that help and treatment can take place. Otherwise the severity of symptoms and frequency of depressive episodes can increase and become worse.
Symptoms of major depressive disorder may vary from person to person, but may include one or more of the following:
A healthcare professional will also refer to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, commonly referred to as the DSM, or DSM-4, to diagnose major depressive disorder.
The DSM-4 is the current reference or “go-to” guide that psychologists use to accurately diagnose mental illnesses such as major depressive disorder or depression. According to the DSM-4, the diagnostic criteria for depression includes the following, which need to last longer than two weeks:
Source: National Alliance on Mental Illness
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