Disorders and Treatment
- Mental Illness
- Bipolar Disorder
- Mood Disorders
- Borderline Personality
- Mental Health Diagnosis
- Mental Health Treatments
- Alternative Meds
- Case Studies
A major depressive disorder is one that has multiple depressive episodes over an extended period of time. A psychotic disorder is one that is characterized by delusions or hallucinations. The combination is a type of mental illness that requires professional treatment to resolve.
One way to understand the difference between depression and psychosis is to think of depression as a mood disorder – one where the emotions are primarily affected and the behavior results from this. Psychosis, on the other hand, can be thought of as a disorder in thinking and perception.
Not all of these are present in all cases. How severe the symptoms are and how frequent will determine whether the depression is considered major or mild.
The link between emotion, self esteem and psychosis is still being studied. A paper from 2006 on the subject can be found here. One direct finding was that the content of hallucinations is more negative when someone also has depression.
It makes sense that one condition might flow from the other. For example, someone who understands they are suffering from inappropriate thoughts and beliefs might naturally feel they are defective and trapped. They don’t want the toxic thoughts, but cannot seem to escape them through will power alone. If the psychosis is severe enough to interfere with normal functioning, this too can lead to depression – job loss, failing relationships and an inability to cope are all triggers for depression.
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