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Facts About Clinical Depression
If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with clinical depression, you are not alone. Each year about 25 million Americans will suffer from an episode of clinical depression, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI).
Following are some important facts you should be aware of about depression:
Other Common Names
While depression is the more common term for this chronic mental illness, there are many different names it may be called. Other names for depression include clinical depression, major depressive illness, major depressive disorder or unipolar mood disorder.
Huge Societal Costs
It is estimated that depression costs the United States approximately $80 billion a year in lost productivity and medical costs.
Men vs. Women
For reason not yet fully understood, depression occurs about 70 percent more frequently in women then in men. According to NAMI, middle-age Hispanic women have the highest rates of depression (43 percent) followed by African American women (27 percent), white women (22 percent) and Asian-American women (14 percent).
Old vs. Young
Depression can occur in both young children and adults. In fact, it is estimated that about 10 percent of adults over the age of 65 are affected by depression. Contrary to what some believe, depression is not a natural part of the aging process.
Depression Can Result from Other Medical Conditions
Particularly in elderly people, depression can develop from other common illnesses including Parkinson’s disease, dementia and heart disease.
Variety of Symptoms
Depression can cause a wide variety of symptoms including changes in sleep patterns, changes in appetite, poor concentration, loss of energy, lack of interest in every day activities and low self-esteem.
Source: National Alliance on Mental Illness
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