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What is Risperidone?

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Risperidone is an atypical antispsychotic drug -- originally developed by Janssen-Cilag and released in 1994 -- that is sold under the brand name Risperdal.

Generally, the drug is utilized in treating schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder and the irritability that people with autism may have. Incidentally, it has often been linked with causing serious weight gain, metabolic problems, tardive dyskinesia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome.

Risperidone is known to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and behavioral concerns in people with autism with maximum efficiency. At the same time, it is accepted that it does not improve the social skills or conversational ability in people who suffer from autism.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved risperidone in 1993 for the specific treatment of schizophrenia. Later, in 2003, the FDA approved risperidone for short-term treatment of the manic states associated with bipolar disorder. In 2006, the FDA approved risperidone for the treatment of irritability in children who have autism. August of 2007 marked the point when risperidone was cited as the only drug agent available that could treat schizophrenia in children and teenagers ages 10-17.

Risperidone contains groups of benzisoxazole and piperidine as part of its molecular structure.

This drug, like any other, may react poorly with a person’s body in certain situations. Stop using risperidone and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

• fever, stiff muscles, confusion, sweating, fast or uneven heartbeats;
• restless muscle movements in your eyes, tongue, jaw, or neck;
• tremor (uncontrolled shaking);
• fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms;

Anyone who is concerned with the effects of risperidone on their body or, is considering taking the drug, should consult with their personal physician beforehand.

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