The Juggalo Factor

Traditionally, since 1994, Juggalos has been used as a term describing fans of the band, The Insane Clown Posse. While individual Juggalos or Juggalettes might have been involved in criminal activities (drug possession, assaults, vandalisms) the group as a whole was not viewed as a criminal group or a criminal enterprise. This seems be changing. Four states (Arizona, California, Pennsylvania and Utah) now classify Juggalos as a gang that is involved in criminal activity. The National Gang Intelligence Center's National Gang Threat Assessment for 2011 lists Juggalos as a type of hybrid gang. A new study published in the Journal of Gang Research attempts to look into the Juggalo movement and determine if law enforcement, nationwide, perceives this group as a gang, rock hooligans, or just extreme fans. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)

For the abstact


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