Sponsored Links

Zolpidem ( Ambien ) data sheet


What is Ambien Used To Treat?

Ambien® (Zolpidem), a short acting nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic, is used to treat insomnia on a short term basis, usually one to two weeks.

How Does Ambien Work?

Ambien initiates sleep by slowing down brain activity and producing calmness so that patient can fall asleep quickly. Ambien comes in the form of a tablet taken orally or slipped under the tongue as well as an oral spray form that is used by spraying it over the tongue. Ambien is usually fast acting with people becoming drowsy soon after taking it.

Call to Speak to a Specialist

Call 1-877-398-2002 Anytime To Discuss Treatment Options if you or a loved one is struggling with mental health issues.

Side Effects of Ambien

Like all medications, there are side effects associated with Ambien. These side effects include:

  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Hallucinations/delusions
  • Changes in appetite
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Short term memory loss
  • Headaches
  • Impaired judgment/impulsivity
  • Inappropriate behavior is social situations
  • Amnesia
  • Sleepiness
  • Impaired cognitive and psychomotor ability
  • Feeling “drugged”
  • Heartburn
  • Constipation/diarrhea
  • Dizziness/lightheadedness
  • Unusual dreams
  • Burning, pain, numbness in extremities
  • Redness, tingling, burning of the tongue if Ambien is taken under the tongue
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Muscle aches
  • Dry mouth

If these side effects do not go away, the patient should contact their health care provider.

Some side effects associated with Ambien can be serious and if experienced, a health care provider should be contacted immediately. Serious side effects include:

  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Hives
  • Pounding heart beat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling like the throat is closing
  • Swelling of eyes, lips, tongue, throat, or face
  • Blurred or other vision problems

Ambien may also cause sleepwalking. Unlike other sleepwalking, where the person is incoherent, sleepwalking associated with Ambien is atypical and can be characterized by the person going about everyday tasks seemingly as though they were awake. Cases of patients taking Ambien driving, having sex, cooking and having conversations while actually asleep have been documented.


Patients taking Ambien should be aware of the following necessary precautions:

  • Health care providers should be informed about any allergies to medications
  • Health care providers should be informed about any medications or herbs the patient is already taking.
  • People with a history of alcohol or drug use may not be a candidate for Ambien and should discuss prior history with their health care provider and avoid alcohol and drugs while taking Ambien.
  • If you are pregnant or considering pregnancy inform your doctor before taking Ambien.
  • Do not take Ambien if you are breast feeding as it can be secreted in breast milk and affect a nursing baby.
  • Tell your Dentist you are taking Ambien prior to any dental surgery.
  • If you have a history of mental illness or depression please discuss this with your health care provider as Ambien may not be a good choice for you.
  • Elderly people who are a fall risk should discuss the risk with their doctor as Ambien may increase the risk of falling.
  • Ambien should only be taken at bedtime when the patient will be able to sleep at least 7 or 8 hours. The effects of Ambien may still be apparent with less sleep.

A very serious effect of Ambien is increase or worsening of mental illness, behavior issues, or suicidal and homicidal tendencies. If anyone taking Ambien experiences any of these feelings or behaviors they should consult their health care provider immediately. If their health care provider is not available they should seek medical care at an emergency room or call 911.

Always consult your physician to get the optimal use from your prescription of Ambien.

More Precautions

Ambien® (Zolpidem) is a Sleeping pill from a newer group of drugs called imidzopyridines. Used primarily for short-term treatment of insomnia in adults. Ambien is a sedative-hypnotic used for the short-term treatment of insomnia (difficulty falling or staying asleep). You may experience trouble sleeping for 1 to 2 nights after you stop taking this medicine. If it continues, contact your doctor.

  • DO NOT SHARE THIS MEDICINE with others for whom it was not prescribed.
  • DO NOT USE THIS MEDICINE for other health conditions.
  • KEEP THIS MEDICINE out of the reach of children.

Some medicines or medical conditions may interact with this medicine.

  • INFORM YOUR DOCTOR OR PHARMACIST of all prescription and over-the-counter medicine that you are taking.
  • DO NOT USE THIS MEDICINE if you are also taking ritonavir. Inform your doctor of any other medical conditions, allergies, pregnancy, or breast-feeding. Contact your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns about using this medicine.

Use this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor. THIS MEDICINE WORKS VERY QUICKLY; take this medicine right before going to bed. Use it only when you will be able to sleep 7 to 8 hours or longer. STORE THIS MEDICINE at room temperature, away from heat and light.

Dosages: Actual dosage must be determined by a physician.


Narcotics may increase the sedative effects of this drug. Do not drink alcohol with this drug, it could decrease your breathing rate to the point of unconsciousness or coma. Do not take this drug with any other drug that might slow the central nervous system, like another sedative, benzodiazepine, sleeping pills, monoamine oxidase inhibitor, antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, or antihistamines.

  • DO NOT EXCEED THE RECOMMENDED DOSE or take this medicine for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor. Exceeding the recommended dose or taking this medicine for longer than prescribed may be habit-forming.
  • DO NOT DRIVE, OPERATE MACHINERY, OR DO ANYTHING ELSE THAT COULD BE DANGEROUS until you know how you react to this medicine. Using this medicine alone, with other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or to perform other potentially dangerous tasks.
  • CHECK WITH YOUR DOCTOR if you continue to have trouble sleeping or notice changes in your behavior or thinking.

The habit-forming potential is high. Psychological and physical dependence is possible. Do not stop taking this drug abruptly, this could cause psychological and physical withdrawal symptoms.

Do not take this drug if you are pregnant or if planning to become pregnant. Do not take if you are breast-feeding.

Do not take this drug if under eighteen and in small doses if over sixty with close monitoring.

Do not use if: You had negative reactions to a similar drug in the past. If you have kidney or liver damage. If you have breathing problems or suffer form depression.

Zolpidem ( Symptoms or Effects )

Common: Abdominal pain, abnormal dreaming, abnormal vision, amnesia, dry mouth, daytime drowsiness, defective muscular coordination, depression, diarrhea, dizziness, double vision, drugged feelings, euphoria, fatigue, insomnia, lethargy, light headdress, nausea, painful digestion, tenderness/pain in muscles, upper respiratory infection, vertigo, vomiting, headache or confusion.

Rare: Abnormal liver function, abnormal secretion/discharge of tears, decrease of white blood cells, abnormal thinking, abscesses, acne, acute kidney failure, aggravated allergies/hypertension, aggression, altered salivation, anaphylactic shock, anemia, boils, belching, breast pain, breast tumors/growths, bronchial spasm, circulatory failure, decreased sex drive, delusions, dementia, decrease of the lymph nodes, disease of the nerves, eye pain, facial swelling, feeling of unreality, feeling strange, fluid in lungs, flushing, frequent urination, glaucoma, gout, heart attack, hemorrhoids, herpes simplex, high cholesterol, hot flashes, hysteria, impotence, increased appetite, illusions, increased lipids in the blood, increased tolerance for the drug, inflammation of a nerve/tendon/vein/artery/external auditory canal/intestines/middle ear/skin/stomach, intestinal blockage, intoxicated feelings, irregular heartbeat, joint disease, laryngitis, leg cramps, low blood pressure, manic reactions, muscle spasms/weakness, neurosis, nosebleeds, oxygen deficiency, general pain, painful/difficult urination, panic attacks, partial paralysis, persistent desire to empty the bowel/bladder, personality disorder, pneumonia, rectal bleeding/pain, restless legs, sciatica, sensation of sparks/flashes of light, sensitivity to light, severe pain along the course of a nerve, shingles, skin discoloration, sleepwalking, spasm of the esophagus, speech impairment, sudden chill with high temperature followed by a sense of heat/profuse perspiration, suicide attempt, temporary loss of consciousness, thirst, tooth decay, ulceration of the cornea, urinary retention, varicose veins, weight loss or yawning.

Sponsored Links

Call to Speak to a Specialist

Call 1-877-398-2002 Anytime To Discuss Treatment Options if you or a loved one is struggling with mental health issues.

Find a Treatment Center

To search by State and City instead of by Zip Code / Postal Code, select a state from the list below.

Select a State Below


Support Groups


For individuals, friends and families who are looking to connect during life's challenging times. Share personal experiences, evaluate information and get support during times of need, illness, treatment or recovery.


The information provided on the PsyWeb.com is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her health professional. This information is solely for informational and educational purposes. The publication of this information does not constitute the practice of medicine, and this information does not replace the advice of your physician or other health care provider. Neither the owners or employees of PsyWeb.com nor the author(s) of site content take responsibility for any possible consequences from any treatment, procedure, exercise, dietary modification, action or application of medication which results from reading this site. Always speak with your primary health care provider before engaging in any form of self treatment. Please see our Legal Statement for further information.

Sponsored Links


visit SupportGroups.com

SupportGroups.com provides a support network for those dealing with mental health and other life's challenges. Click on the following links to get the support in a confidential, caring environment.

Call 877-568-6270 anytime to speak with a treatment specialist.