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According to a new report in the journal Affective Disorders, mania is one not, monolithic disorder, but is instead has at least three "subdimensions" that distinguish it. This counters the general description given in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual.
The researchers who penned the study, lead by Dr. Camilo J. Ruggero, PhD, of the department of psychology, University of North Texas, Denton, used detailed clinical interviews of 422 psychiatric outpatients. They identified key features unique to mania by using information gained from the manic episodes apparent during the interview process.
The three subdimensions identified were euphoric activation (increased energy), hyperactive cognition (flight of ideas), and reckless overconfidence (poor judgement, recklessness). Other characteristics, such as irritability, were also identified, but are not unique to mania.
A separate study population of 306 student volunteers was used as a control verification.
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