Mental Disorders and Gastrointestinal Problems Can Collide, Research Says


In an abstract presented at the Digestive Disease Week conference in Washington, D.C., Texas researchers tied mental disorders and difficulty treating gastrointestinal problems. The team studied long-term GI treatment for gastroparesis in patients with and without anxiety and depression.

An abstract of the study was presented at the conference by co-authors Anam Hameed, MD of the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and colleagues from that facility and the MD Anderson Cancer Center. All patients in the study had gastroparesis and had not responded to treatment and so had undergone surgery to implant gastric electrical stimulators. The study included 53 patients, two-thirds of which were women averaging 42 years of age.

Known psychiatric disorder exacerbated GI recovery.

About thirty-two percent of the participants in the study had a diagnosed psychiatric disorder when they first entered treatment for their gastrointestinal problems. Most of the disorders were depression or included depression.

Scoring responses to therapy and surgery, the team found that those with psychiatric disorders showed significantly less improvement after a year when compared to those who did not have a mental illness. Those without a disorder improved their GI prognosis by a rate nearly double that of their counterparts.

The study concluded that candidates for a gastric stimulator implant should be screened for psychiatric disorders in order to effect efficacy of treatment.

Source: HCP Live


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