Stress and diabetes linked in long-term study


Men who report experiencing permanent stress have a significantly higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

This is new information gathered from a 35-year prospective follow-up study of 7,500 men in Sweden. The study is a large population-based cohort study undertaken by the Sahlgrenska Academy to monitor the health of men born in Gothenburg between 1915 and 1925. This material shows that permanent stress significantly increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.

The researchers analyzed the data of 6,828 men without any history of diabetes, coronary artery disease or stroke. A total of 899 of them developed diabetes during the follow-up.

Men were tracked for 35 years

Stress at the beginning of the study was measured using a single-item question in which they were asked to grade their stress level on a six-point scale. They used factors like irritation, anxiety and disrupted sleep.

At the start, 15.5 percent of the men reported permanent stress related to conditions at work or home, either during the past one year or during the past five years.

Higher risk for diabetes if permanently stressed

The men who reported stress at the beginning of the study had a 45 percent higher risk of developing diabetes compared to men who did not have stress or only periodic stress. There was a statistically significant relationship between the stress and the diabetes even after making adjustments for lifestyle and other factors.

“Today, stress is not recognized as a preventable cause of diabetes,” said researcher Masuma Novak, leader of the study. “As our study shows that there is an independent link between permanent stress and the risk of developing diabetes, which underlines the importance of preventive measure.”

Source: MedicalNewsToday, University of Gothenburg


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