Signs of Mental Illness

Signs of Mental Illness / Disorders 


Mood and Mood Disorders.
Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders.
Schizophrenia
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Mood and Mood Disorders

Signs of Depression

  • Depressed or irritable mood most of the day-nearly every day.
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities ( such as hobbies, work, sex, or being with friends ) most of the day-nearly every day.
  • A sudden change in weight or appetite.
  • Inability to sleep or sleeping too much.
  • Agitation or restlessness ( observed by others. )
  • Constant fatigue or loss of energy.
  • Frequent feelings of worthlessness or guilt.
  • Difficulty concentrating or making decisions.
  • Frequent thoughts of death or suicide.
  • Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" mood.
  • Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism.
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness.
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed, including sex.
  • Decreased energy, fatigue, being "slowed down".
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, making decisions.
  • Insomnia, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping.
  • Appetite and/or weight loss or overeating and weight gain.
  • Thoughts of death or suicide; suicide attempts.
  • Restlessness, irritability.
  • Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain.
Mania
  • Abnormal or excessive elation
  • Unusual irritability
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Grandiose notions
  • Increased talking
  • Racing thoughts
  • Increased sexual desire
  • Markedly increased energy
  • Poor judgment
  • Inappropriate social behavior

Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders

Signs of Anxiety

  • Restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge.
  • Fatigue.
  • Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank.
  • Irritability.
  • Muscle tension.
  • Difficulty falling or staying asleep, or restless unsatisfying sleep.

Anxiety Disorder

  • Endless checking or rechecking actions.
  • A constant and unrealistic worry about everyday occurrences and activities.
  • Fear and anxiety that appear for no apparent reason.

Anxiety disorder types:

    • Panic Disorder: a sudden, uncontrollable attack of terror that can manifest itself with heart palpitations, dizziness, shortness of breath, and an out-of-control or terribly frightening feeling;
    • Generalized Anxiety Disorder: excessive anxiety and worry that last for at least six months accompanied by other physical and behavioral problems;
    • Social Phobia: a persistent fear of one or more situations in which the person is exposed to possible scrutiny of others;
    • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: repeated, intrusive and unwanted thoughts that cause anxiety, often accompanied by ritualized behavior that relieve this anxiety;
    • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: caused when someone experiences a severely distressing or traumatic event. Recurring nightmares and/or flashbacks and unprovoked anger are common symptoms.


Schizophrenia
  • Excessive fatigue and sleepiness or an inability to sleep.
  • Social withdrawal and isolation.
  • Deterioration of social relationships.
  • Inability to concentrate or cope with minor problems.
  • Apparent indifference, even in highly important situations.
  • Dropping out of activities.
  • Decline in academic and athletic performance.
  • Deterioration of personal hygiene; eccentric dress.
  • Frequent moves or trips or long walks leading nowhere.
  • Drug or alcohol abuse.
  • Undue preoccupation with spiritual or religious matters.
  • Bizarre behavior.
  • Inappropriate laughter.
  • Strange posturing.
  • Low tolerance to irritation.
  • Excessive writing without apparent meaning.
  • Inability to express emotion.
  • Irrational statements.
  • Peculiar use of words or language structure.
  • Conversation that seems deep but is not logical or coherent
  • Staring; vagueness.
  • Unusual sensitivity to stimuli ( noise, light. )
  • Forgetfulness.

Signs of Schizophrenia in Childhood

  • Deficits in working (short-term) and verbal memory.
  • Impairments in gross motor skills (the child's ability to control different parts of the body).
  • Attention deficits.
  • Mixed-handedness (the use of different hands for different tasks), particularly in females.
  • Eye tracking dysfunction. This genetic trait is strongly associated with schizophrenia and may reflect abnormalities in the frontal regions of the brain. (Some experts believe that this is such a powerful marker in patients with close relatives with schizophrenia that it can be used as a predictor. This trait can only be detected by a health professional using special equipment.)
  • Hallucinations or delusions. (This does not include normal childhood fantasies and stories, in which the child is aware that they are inventions.)
  • A decline in verbal memory, IQ, and other mental functions.

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Related Article

Symptoms of Childhood Depression

 
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